I found this tower while strolling around in Plaza San Martin, which is located at Retiro neighbourhood in Buenos Aires, Argentina. It was constructed by British residents to commemorate the centenary of Argentina May Revolution, so originally it was named Torre de los Ingleses, or Tower of British people, but after the Guerra de las Malvinas, or Falklands war for the British, it was renamed Monumental Tower; although some citizens still referred to it as Torre de los ingleses.
The architect was British resident Ambrose Macdonald Poynter (1867–1923), who was grandson of the founder of Royal Institute of British Architects. Almost all the materials for the edification, like cement, Portland stones, and Leicester type bricks, were brought from England, as well as the technical staff in charge of construction.
Palladian style according to the prevailing trend in the late sixteenth century in Britain, is set on a platform with four access stairs. The height of the tower is 75.50 meters and has eight floors. At 35 meters there is a clock that was set in motion in 1910 by Argentine watchmakers Rodolfo Kopp and Nicanor Insua. The operation of machinery is by pendulum and weights. It has five bronze bells, whose tolling on the quarter hour imitates Westminster Abbey. The largest bell weighs about seven tons.
Above the main entrance facing west, and on the other sides of the building, there is a frieze ornamented with suns and different emblems of the British Empire. Among others, can be recognized the thistle flower, the rose of the House of Tudor, the red dragon of Wales and shamrock of Ireland. The emblems of Argentina (2nd photo) and Great Britain (photo below) are located over the gateways as well.
Although the project was chosen for construction between various projects in 1910, the inauguration of the tower was delayed until May 24, 1916, due to the First World War.